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Betting on famine summary

Federica betting 02.04.2020

betting on famine summary

PDF | Hunger, malnutrition, food insecurity and famines are still persistent in many regions Famine Vulnerability Analysis Model (FVAM). Ziegler traces the idea of a right to food (“certainly the one most constantly violated on our planet”) back to World War II. Freeing populations from want. Nearly one billion people throughout the world suffer from hunger and malnutrition. This shameful statistic stems not from a failure of. TAB HORSE BETTING GUIDE

Davon liest man aber nichts. Ziegler bleibt seinem Motto 'Polemik statt Antworten' treu. Und so ist sich der Sozialdemokrat Ziegler auch nicht zu schade, noch mal eben schnell die Bibel zu missbrauchen, um seine Positionen klarzumachen. Intektuelle Ehrlichkeit habe ich in diesem Buch nach dem Lesen von Seite 1 nicht mehr erwartet. Was gibts sonst noch in dem Buch? Daher braucht es dann nach Ziegler ein Recht auf Nahrung, damit die Nahrung gerecht verteilt werden kann.

Irgendwie ist schon Nahrung da, um sie zu verteilen. The inter-connectivity of climate change, economic difficulties, oil dependency and the global food crisis is glaring, and serves to foster social unrest. The report argues that discrimination against women is prevalent in societies, despite anti-discriminatory international laws. It shows that women are burdened with an unequal distribution of family responsibilities and have less of a voice in decision-making in households and communities than men.

Agriculture has witnessed a gradual feminization since the responsibility of providing food for their families is often assigned to women. However, access to education and farming resources is often restricted, inhibiting food production and distribution.

This in turn is driving up food prices and has led to a global race for land and water resources. Grain reserves across the globe have dropped by one third in the past ten years and food prices have more than doubled.

Many earlier civilizations, including the Sumerians and Mayans, collapsed due to an unsustainable agricultural system. Lester Brown, the president of Earth Policy Institute, warns that without a reversal of these trends, our society could meet the same fate. A growing number of middle class families are finding themselves closer to the poverty line, struggling to pay their bills and pay for basic food. Soup kitchens are opening up across the country as many are being forced to turn to charities for food aid.

According to the National Statistics Institute, last year a fifth of all Portuguese were surviving on less than the minimum wage. According to reports by development organizations, this new poverty has also led to an increase in national suicide rates. This escalation has heightened the food crisis across the world; yet, whilst more and more people are going hungry, Goldman Sachs is making a profit.

Climate change is having detrimental impacts on harvests worldwide, making betting on the rise of food prices a reliable wager. The deregulation of Wall Street has allowed banks and hedge funds to invest heavily in agriculture, this inflow of money has coincided with the escalation of food prices, these investors; however, deny the link.

Anderson was one of the coordinating lead authors of the study that reflected the work of more than agricultural experts from countries. During the luncheon, Ms. You can access the slides from this presentation here. Britain in Nutrition Recession as Food Prices Rise and Incomes Shrink November 18, Rising food prices and shrinking incomes are driving up the consumption of fatty foods in Britain and people with low incomes are being forced to an increasingly unhealthy diet.

The Guardian compiled detailed data analyzing the grocery buying habits of thousands of UK citizens and, based on these results, food experts and campaigners have called for government action on food poverty, which they say created public health problems. This nutritional crisis is only expected to worsen as food prices continue to rise. Food Campaigner Laura Sandys has set out a ten-point plan to address food poverty issues, including establishing a national food affordability index to monitor food prices and nutritional changes as well as mandatory food education in the early years school curriculum.

Guardian How Africa Could Feed the World November 6, Although nearly million people in Africa are hungry, the continent has around million hectares of uncultivated arable land. Rather than removing barriers to increase trade, addressing these five points is crucial in increasing productivity in a sustainable matter. Right to Food and Nutrition Watch discusses this problem of corporate control over food and nutrition in its annual report these initiatives should focus on the social determinants of nutrition rather than on technocentric and market-based solutions.

Short-term, superficial solutions provide clear benefits for the corporations but questionable benefits for the ordinary people. In recent years the UN has growingly supported public private partnerships that are incapable of promoting and real change. The report provides strategies developed by grassroots organizations to regain control over food and nutrition and establish food sovereignty.

These extremes, like the recent droughts in the US and Russia, will be increasingly reoccurring. Climate models that ignore extreme weather events can have severe consequences. The effects of global warming in the north might result in a rapid worsening of the global food crisis. The report notes in particular that the world economy after the recent financial crisis remains fragile, and continues to affect food insecurity and malnutrition. The report underlines that agricultural growth involving smallholders, especially women, will be most effective in reducing hunger.

You can read the report here. Ziegler, the former UN Special Rapporteur on the Right to Food is critical of speculators and multinational companies that are contributing to the increasing number of hungry people. Ziegler wants to exclude all non-producers and non-consumers from the commodities exchange. The study showed that with each successive peak in food prices, citizens in food-importing countries destabilized the political system.

As food prices have reached record highs worldwide this year, it is not surprising that we have seen a rise in political instability. Another study by the same NECS team found that agricultural subsidies form the federal government in particular was responsible for creating food insecurity in the Middle East and North Africa.

Instead of analyzing a video that worked as a catalyst for the recent uprisings, scrutinizing the activity on Capitol Hill, Wall Street and the Chicago Mercantile Exchange should be prioritized in preventing future unrest. A report by civil society groups says it is impossible to combat the causes of hunger if existing power relations remain untouched.

The report expresses particular concern about the increasing influence and control of agribusinesses and financial companies over food and nutrition, which leads to a centralized model of food supply. While Olivier de Schutter, the UN special rapporteur on the right to food, has welcomed the progress of SUN, he has also pointed out that the private sector tries to use technical solutions for what are fundamentally social problems. It should be recognized that the promotion of processed foods enriched with nutrients often clashes with the promotion of local and regional food systems.

Since the coup of March , North Mali which controlled by Tuareg rebel and al-Qaida in the Islamic Maghreb have increased its presence in the region. Yet, aid officials and experts of humanitarian affairs warn the UN that such intensification of the conflict would actually exacerbate the current food and nutrition crisis by displacing important part of the population. He argues that gender equality in food security discussions might significantly improve productivity, change the perspective about the direction of agricultural development and focus of key investments as a whole, and improve social protection as a whole.

While ensuring gender equality and empowering women at household, community and state levels are crucial goals in themselves too, it should be noted that no food security strategy is likely to succeed without taking into account this dimension. Banking giants like Goldman Sachs, Morgan Stanley and Barclays are using the food market as a playground for investors at the expense of fragile populations, who are deeply affected by price spikes and volatility.

Similar harsh increases in the price of grains such as rice have been forecasted for Africa and South East Asia. Uncertain weather conditions, such as rising temperatures and changing rainfall patterns, will put a hold on crop production and trigger a steady increase in food prices.

The UN Climate Change Conference in Doha in November is meant to fill the gaps in international policy response to climate change, but a favorable outcome is unlikely. This Spiegel article underlines that the widely reported hunger droughts are only one factor behind the wider crisis on food, and that issues like climate change, biofuels, price speculation and new consumption patterns are crucial parts of the crisis.

In this context, industrial agriculture is not the answer and instead small farmers, local markets and water saving should be supported. It is however important to remember that just as there are several causes to the food crisis, there are also many different measures to combat it.

The recent devaluation of the national currency pushed by foreign aid donors has already increased fertilizer and food prices. However, to prevent future crises, the Malawian government must carefully consider how its economic policy impacts food security for the people. Guardian Trees Breathing New Life into French Agriculture August 21, In some parts of France, farmers are increasingly switching to agroforestry, a traditional practice of growing crops around trees.

As the roots of the trees act as natural filters, this type of farming slows down soil erosion and eliminates dependency on chemical fertilizers. Agroforestry also produces wood for additional source of revenue and brings additional biodiversity that helps to protect the crops. Better subsidies for farmers to offset the substantial investment cost of agroforestry projects will help to expand this sustainable farming model.

Guardian The Hunger Wars in Our Future August 8, The current drought is not a one-off event in the US, but rather a link in the chain of global warming consequences unfolding in the world. In the near future, climate change will not only lead to catastrophic physical effects but also social effects such as mass starvation, food riots, mass migrations and violent conflicts.

While the current focus is on rising food prices, an immediate outcome of the drought, this article calls to mind the big picture of the grim social and political ramifications of climate change-related crisis. TomDispatch DRC Farmers Reap Benefits of Soil Fertility August 6, In villages around Bukavu, small-holder rice farmers are seeing their market share rising after they adopted a new technique to protect soil quality using subsidized mineral fertilizer.

This method has increased rice output from 2. While some farmers have invested profits from harvests to purchasing farmland, access to land remains a challenge to most farmers as the cost of leasing land is very high and changes in land rights system are slow. Small-holder farmer in the Democratic Republic of Congo need strong support from the government, which is only allocating 0. IPS Corn for Food, Not Fuel July 30, Given the current drought in 32 US states, this article calls on the Environmental Protection Agency to lower the renewable- fuel standard by 20 percent and divert corn from ethanol production back into the food chain.

While corn is indeed a renewable resource, the current ethanol policy rests on false assumptions pushed by the ethanol lobby about how ethanol lowers the price of gasoline and reduces global carbon dioxide emissions. Reducing the renewable-fuel standard would offset nearly half of the expected crop loss and ease the drastic impacts that the drought would otherwise have on inflation, food security and political instability in many parts of the world.

Should one foundation be allowed to wield such influence over agricultural policy that concerns the livelihoods of millions of farmers, especially when it promotes an unsustainable industry-driven farming system? Several international NGOs pointed out that this would require converting an area larger than Belgium and the Netherlands combined into cropland for biofuel production and lead to 56 million tons of CO2 per year.

The ten percent target would put an extra million people at risk of hunger due to land grabbing, water diversion and increases in prices of oilseed, sugar and maize. However, under pressure from the biofuel industry, the EU remains silent on the effects of biofuels on food security.

IPS The G Agricultural Agenda: Agricultural Productivity Growth in a Vacuum June 19, While the G comprises the agricultural powerhouses of international markets, their agriculture agenda for the meeting in Mexico fails to mention how G members must change their agricultural policies in order to bring about significant changes for small-scale producers worldwide. Instead, it has a narrow focus on low-income countries and the problem of agricultural productivity growth.

In its first Africa Human Development report, UNDP is calling for more investment in agriculture, to reduce hunger, create jobs and sustain growth. In the last decade, African economies grew at an average rate of more than 5 percent, but as of , 48 percent of its inhabitants were living in poverty. The Conservative government declined to allow its cabinet ministers to meet De Schutter, a sign of the lack of commitment to tackle the problem of food insecurity.

National Post The Philippines: The Family Plot May 12, In , the owners of Hacienda Luisita, a sugar plantation estate owned by the family of the President of the Philippines, persuaded farmworkers to give up their land rights in exchange for shares and guaranteed five or six days of work per week. This article outlines this rare success of land reform in the Philippines. The Economist Not a Famine, but an Issue of Food Insecurity May 11, Millions of Angolans are facing critical food insecurity because of a lack of rain and reduced irrigation.

Unable to grow their own food, small farmers are forced to purchase it elsewhere, but prices have doubled. But with yields so low this year, many families are getting deeper into poverty as they struggle to repay their debts. Thanks to their success at crippling regulatory legislation, nobody can track how the game is being played. Investigative reporter Frederick Kaufman says the only way to stop speculation in food commodities is to make it a criminal offence.

UN officials are especially worried about social unrest because high food prices contributed to riots across Africa and the Middle East in May 2, In this article, author Tom Philpott critiques a recent study published in the journal Nature, which compared the productivity of industrial and organic agriculture by averaging the yields-per-acre of 66 case studies.

May 2, Following the food price crisis of , traders began to bet heavily on the future prices of wheat, maize and corn, among other commodities, which forced food prices to remain high and volatile. This article gives a good overview of the impact of speculation on the food prices and analyzes steps that can be taken to regulate commodities speculation.

This price increase significantly contributed to rising hunger and food insecurity in Mexico, where the cost of the staple diet, corn tortillas, rose by 60 percent. As chair of the G, Mexico has a unique opportunity to take a strong position against bad policies, and should call on other leading economies to curb their biofuels policies. Global Development and Environment Institute Genetically Modified Crops' Results Raise Concerns April 30, Food manufacturers and grain millers are worried that a new genetically modified GM Trojan corn, which turns its own starch to sugar, will contaminate food corn.

The primary concern is that the new GM corn will spread through pollen or inadvertent mixing, as GM crops have done at least six times in the past. The overall vast increases in herbicide, for instance, have created impervious weeds that now infest millions of acres of cropland, while decimating other plants. San Francisco Chronicle The Folly of Big Agriculture: Why Nature Always Wins April 13, According to this Yale Environment article, a reasonable agriculture system would do its best to emulate nature, but the current agro-industrial system is bent on changing the earth to suit its needs.

The current system relies of leveling, irrigating, draining, fertilizing, and spraying the land with herbicides. But as weeds become tolerant of herbicides, big agriculture incorrectly looks towards technology for solutions to help with issues created by "right-now technology. Yale Environment Water Monitoring System Aids Kenyan Herders April 3, Through a new early warning system, scientists are able to create a real-time map of vegetation and water conditions in northwest Kenya.

The Livestock Early Warning System combines information uploaded by villages with mobile phones and satellite images generated by the NASA to record information about water levels and the number of households and livestock using waterholes. Currently, forecasts about drought conditions are communicated to pastoralist communities through the internet-access in part on mobile phones, but scientists are working towards disseminating information through radio and community meetings as well.

The pilot program ended in February, but scientists are seeking funding from FAO to support its continuation and expansion into other arid parts of the country. Since its launch in , four countries in the region have recognized the right to food in their constitutions, and 7 have passed food security or food sovereignty laws. Host country governments are becoming increasingly dependent on the income received by selling fishing rights to foreign corporations and countries.

Hedge funds, pension funds and investment banks now dominate the food commodities market, dwarfing the amount traded by actual food producers and buyers. In this article, UN Special Rapporteur on the Right to Food Olivier de Schutter comments on the way in which financial players bet on food and the catastrophic effects of this speculation on poor consumers.

The Independent Drought does not Mean Death of Pastoralism March 22, Pastoralists in West Africa are investigating ways to diversify their sources of income in order to strengthen their resilience to climate change. By ensuring that some members of their family pursue non-livestock activities, families can build food reserves for when there is a drought. While the Nigerien government guarantees pastoralists the right to travel across borders during the rainy season, other governments do not have such lenient pastoral codes, making it difficult for pastoralists to sustain their way of life amidst changing weather patterns.

The land area required for dams leads to the displacement of large numbers of people, but governments often fail to give any support or compensation to the displaced. While large dam projects generate large profits for industrial farming enterprises, dams often do little for small farmers and they have has devastating environmental impacts.

In this article, ecologists argue that small sand dams are a good alternative to big concrete dam projects. IPS Terraviva Indian Farmers Hostage to Middlemen March 9, While India's economy has been growing steadily, its agriculture sector has declined steeply since the "green revolution" of the s.

Scientists believe that the overuse of chemical fertilizers and pesticides, as well as the government's encouragement of water-intensive crops has led to severe environmental degradation. The current government policy is to give aid to farmers by subsidizing agricultural inputs, such as fertilizers, but these subsidies do not solve the problem and mainly benefit input producers. According to national statistics, over , small farmers committed suicide between and , "mainly attributed to their inability to pay debts incurred on agricultural inputs.

The report states that global resistance against transnational corporations is an urgent necessity and calls on policy makers to act against the existing food system, which focuses on profit generation rather than sustainable food production. Masked as a "responsible investment," the deal would have forced , Tanzanians to relocate. The university's partnership with AgriSol was first discovered by the California think-tank Oakland Institute in June The report argues that in order to sustain the current levels of productivity, there needs to be better resource use.

With nearly a billion people suffering from chronic hunger, the new FAO chief says eradicating hunger will be his top priority. The existing trade model, where the biggest agricultural producers in Europe and North America dump their food surplus on low-income regions is unsustainable. This trade-centric approach privileges countries of the global North and leaves little space for developing countries to promote local food production capacities and achieve national food security.

Friends of the Earth Europe Hedge-Fund Millionaire Diggle Bets on Farms, Life Sciences January 2, Hedge-fund millionaire Stephen Diggle plans to open his personal portfolio of farmland and biotechnology companies to investors, promising high returns in a volatile market. According to Diggle, buying farms and orchards — at the expense of smallholder farmers — is the best way to make profits as global food prices continue to rise. Diggle is one of many investors who are looking towards farmland to make a quick profit as the global population and demand for food continue to increase.

Bloomberg Egypt: Food for a Revolution December 21, In this article, the authors argue that the agricultural sector in Egypt is focused on creating luxury exports instead of basic crops. According to estimates, between one and four million peasant farmers have quit working the land and moved to cities in the last 20 years, because they are unable to survive by growing their own food.

Factors driving the migration include high land prices, a farm policy that favors wealthy entrepreneurs and a lack of access to irrigation water. In this article, he writes that the time has come for global regulators to make commodities information public and place limits on commodities that bankers and hedge funds can gamble on. To hear what he had to say on price instability and food reserves, click here.

As the population is growing, farmers encounter more difficulties to meet the increasing food demand, while infrastructure and government support for agriculture remain poor. Fair contracts should include minimum price guarantees and farmers must be allowed to set aside land to meet family and community needs, says De Schutter.

Draft e-mails to potential ambassadors do not offer an outright paycheck but they offer to research, write, and publish on behalf of the ambassadors while promising to secure lucrative speaking engagements. On behalf of members of the largest international peasant movement La Via Campesina, Coulibaly states that it is necessary to halt forms of competition between small farmers and agro-industrial producers, and put an end to policies which allow for dumping during times of overproduction.

Currently, women farmers produce food crops, such as millet and corn, to feed their families, but are generally excluded or prohibited from owning or registering land. In order to protect the most vulnerable against hunger, the report suggests that policymakers regulate the financial activity in food markets, restrict biofuel production and invest in small-scale agriculture.

This report from a high-level meeting hosted by Secretary General Ban Ki-moon on in September , reveals the increasingly blatant use of the UN by companies for corporate branding and the manufacture of positive spin to overcome negative reputations.

In this article, the author discusses the devastating effects of NAFTA on Mexico, namely the dumping of corn, rise in migration and an ongoing food price crisis that has caused tortilla riots across the country. In this article, Sophia Murphy, the senior advisor to the Trade and Global Governance program at the Institute for Agriculture and Trade Policy IATP , voices concerns about the proposal and proposes alternative methods to measure the occurrences of market shocks.

This rising demand for food while supply is stagnant supposedly leads to skyrocketing food prices. In reality, although demand for food has increased, the promotion of biofuels and other supply shocks have set off a giant speculative food bubble. September 14, In this interview, UN Special Rapporteur on the Right to Food Olivier De Schutter discusses the need to empower small-scale farmers, the gross simplification of boosting production in order to meet global hunger, and dangers associated with the Green Revolution.

De Schutter advocates shifting towards sustainable farming and holding governments accountable to create policies that are informed by the needs of the people. Although the area is surrounded by the Mediterranean Sea, the Persian Gulf and the Red Sea, 50 percent of the food consumed here is imported. Unequal access to water and a lack of resources for farmers in this region has led to increased poverty and hunger. Rami Zurayk, an agronomy professor at the American University of Beirut, argues that rising food prices are mobilizing people to protest and express their anti-government sentiment.

Fifteen years ago, financial speculators only accounted for 12 percent of agricultural futures as compared to over 60 percent today. Although some commentators question whether financial speculation can affect the price of food, this report confirms that the financial sector has played a significant role in destabilizing the current food system.

Guardian Bolivia's First Crop Insurance Scheme Promises to Empower Farmers August 19, Currently, over , Bolivian farmers have micro-credit loans but are unable to sustain themselves after a bad harvest. However, they often lack access or rights to land. It is time policymakers pay attention to women as agricultural producers and strengthen their agricultural capacity. This interactive map by Oxfam allows viewers to see the causes and impacts of fluctuating food prices in 22 countries.

The map shows that rising food prices over the last decade have affected poorer countries disproportionately, often leading to civil unrest. In order to tackle food crises, Oxfam argues we must look at the causes of price volatility, reform bad policies and preserve scarce resources. According to the report, there has been little change in the rate of demand of grain by developing countries. Instead, western policies supporting biofuel production have accelerated food price increases, making food unaffordable for millions of people.

The report suggests that the biofuel boom of the s, coupled with financial speculation in commodity markets, has led to higher food prices and jeopardized food security.

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Since the subject is known and repressed, I will compress a few facts from the book to encourage reading pleasure or, more suitable, reading dread. First of all, it should be noted that exaggeration, polemics, and exaggeration of hard facts are part of Ziegler's regular trade and that they are water on the mills of his critics. Whereby the reduction of real grievances should also be legitimized by means which, in the medium-term, aggravate and provoke a little malady that has been trivialized by the one side, since the motivation behind it is a noble and philanthropic one.

Even if conservative-republican-right-wing circles would deny this and conditionally warn immediately against communism and socialism. Unlike other polemical authors, however, Ziegler always sticks to proven facts and does not indulge in speculation, conjecture, or even his own, nebulous theses. Instead, he uses facts that are not whitewashed and belittled by certain entities.

Among aid organizations in the hunger-stricken areas, of the hundreds of parents with toddlers and babies, a few survivors are possible because of the tight budget, and saved from death. In India, hundreds of thousands of tons of grain are exported every year despite millions of severely malnourished people.

Those who survive a childhood characterized by lack, are usually psychologically and physically irreversibly damaged. Frequently, money for development projects from state organizations funds the development of massive monocultures and land grabbing. A common argument is that traditional agriculture is inefficient and irresponsible in the face of global hunger as industrial agriculture brings much higher yields. Therefore, especially in developing countries, it is necessary to accelerate the expansion of highly technical agriculture.

The Arab Spring was, to a considerable extent, a hunger revolt, the causes of which and the people behind it were surprisingly few in the media. There are two hospitals throughout Bangladesh that specialize in the therapy for the restoration of nearly starved children. The IMF prohibits developing countries from stockpiling foodstuffs to curb crises and crop failures as an impermissible intrusion into the market.

In all of sub-Saharan Africa, there are only 85, tractors. Noma is a disease easily treated with cheapest drugs. Since it is neither contagious nor affects trade, it is not listed by the WHO. Please google illness description and pictures. The economist Thomas Malthus represented the long-popular theory of natural selection while labeling any social policy as harmful and nonsensical.

Until the middle of the 20th century, his theses enjoyed enormous popularity in many circles. Civil and political human rights are considered essential and desirable by all states. Economic, social and cultural human rights, including the right to food, have not been ratified or are in part not recognized.

The WTO applied for taxation of food aid for developing countries as it would constitute an unlawful interference with the market. In the course of the various financial crises, the funds for development aid were massively reduced.

Alone in the World Food Program from 6 to 3. At the same time, Europeans received Banks billion in aid payments in All these atrocities and abominations still happened and are again happening, and it is up to the civilian population of the Western States to make sure that out of this world history of violence and exploitation a future with at least a shade less inhumanity can be born.

To expect would be too utopian. Still on Veronica, the persona notes that she Veronica had to eat rice porridge because she was overweight in a country of hungry people, an irony that goes to enhance the inequality narrative.

Having grown up poor, she mentions the fact that the nightly bill at her Plaza Suite hotel would have taken her parents decades to earn. The Theme of Dependence To a lesser extent, the persona also uses the story, supposedly on famine, to address the theme of dependence.

In this regard, she mentions having had to stay with her parents, as an unmarried lady because the customs of her society so demanded. She mentions her parents not being able Xi to bear the thought of her eating out without them ; a testament to the theme of dependence. Advancing the theme, the author narrates, through the persona, the story of the lazy man who starved to death because he could not feed himself, instead depending on his mother, and later his wife.

Read also: How to hire an expert writer to help write me a paper? Criticism of the Story All through this story, the author makes mention of famine several times but fails to conclusively address the issue, instead allowing the author to digress into other concerns including the inequality in society and the rags to riches story of the persona.

As Ehrenwirth points out, the story in general makes use of famine in an ironical way, painting the persona as having experienced a hard life though did not starve in a country where many people struggled to avoid starvation. The irony with which the persona portrays starvation and famine is only seen in the constant digressions that she has as she narrates her extravagant sojourn in New York; flying business class, eating the best of meals and imbibing top shelf drinks while spending, in a night, money that would have taken her parents decades to make.

In so observing, Carolan 68 falls short of discrediting the title of the story, based on the content therein which is only tangentially related to the title. Conclusion It is clear for the audience that the author has failed to adequately examine the issue of famine as promised by the title of the story. Useful information: Online paper grader is a perfect way to pre-estimate your paper and to find you can improve it.

Works Cited Carolan, Trevor Ed.

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